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Saratoga Trail:

Lake Champlain to Whitehall to Fort Edward
to Hudson River
to Fish Creek
to Saratoga Lake
to Kaydaderosseras Creek
to Mourning Kill
Carry Over to Ballston Lake
Carry Over to Aal Plaats Creek to Mohawk River
(near Schenectady)
These 3 Native American images by L. F. Tantillo
The Native American "Saratoga Trail" ran past Hudson Crossing Park and was used for centuries by area settlers. On a ridge above Fish Creek in the village of Victory, the National Park Service found a fire pit that was in use over 7,000 years ago. Historians speculate that the area was then populated by Mohicans. You can find the wayside (pictured below) along the Victory Woods trail that was installed by the National Park Service as part of the Saratoga National Historical Park.

Mohican Territory (see map right)

The Mahicans were a confederacy of five tribes and as many as forty villages who (lived in the vicinity of today's Albany (Pempotowwuthut-Muhhcanneuw - "the fireplace of the Mohican nation") west towards the Mohawk River and to the northwest to Lake Champlain and Lake George.

The Mahican were living in and around the Mahicannituck ("Their name for the Hudson River"), along the Mohawk River and Hoosic River at the time of their first contact with Europeans after 1609, during the settlement of New Netherland. In their own language, the Mahican referred to themselves collectively as the "Muhhekunneuw", "people of the great river".

The Mahican territory was bounded on the northwest by Lake Champlain and Lake George and on the northeast by the Pocomtuc Confederacy, Pennacook Confederacy (also known as Merrimack or Pawtucket) and the Connecticut River Valley, which was inhabited by the Sokoki of the Western Abenaki. The original Mahican homeland was the Hudson River Valley from the Catskill Mountains north to the southern end of Lake Champlain. Bounded by the Schoharie River in the west, it extended east to the crest of the Berkshire Mountains in western Massachusetts from northwest Connecticut north to the Green Mountains in southern Vermont.

Mahican villages were fairly large. Usually consisting of 20 to 30 mid-sized longhouses, they were located on hills and heavily fortified. Large cornfields were located nearby. Agriculture provided most of their diet but was supplemented by game, fish, and wild foods. Mahican villages were governed by hereditary sachems advised by a council of clan elders. A general council of sachems met regularly at Shodac (east of present-day Albany) to decide important matters affecting the entire confederacy.

Click the map to learn more about this group of people.

Click the image (right) to learn more about
The Saratoga National Historical Park
The Mahican chief Etow Oh Koam, referred to as one of the Four Mohawk Kings in a state visit to Queen Annein 1710.
By John Simon, c1750
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