Lake Champlain to Whitehall to Fort Edward
to Hudson River
to Fish Creek
to Saratoga Lake
to Kaydaderosseras Creek
to Mourning Kill
Carry Over to Ballston Lake
Carry Over to Aal Plaats Creek to Mohawk River
These 3 Native American images by L. F. Tantillo
The Native American "Saratoga Trail" ran past Hudson Crossing Park and was
used for centuries by area settlers. On a ridge above Fish Creek in the village of
Victory, the National Park Service found a fire pit that was in use over 7,000 years
ago. Historians speculate that the area was then populated by Mohicans. You can
find the wayside (pictured below) along the Victory Woods trail that was installed
by the National Park Service as part of the Saratoga National Historical Park.
Mohican Territory (see map right)
The Mahicans were a confederacy of five tribes and as many as forty villages who
(lived in the vicinity of today's Albany (Pempotowwuthut-Muhhcanneuw - "the
fireplace of the Mohican nation") west towards the Mohawk River and to the
northwest to Lake Champlain and Lake George.
The Mahican were living in and around the Mahicannituck ("Their name for the
Hudson River"), along the Mohawk River and Hoosic River at the time of their first
contact with Europeans after 1609, during the settlement of New Netherland. In
their own language, the Mahican referred to themselves collectively as the
"Muhhekunneuw", "people of the great river".
The Mahican territory was bounded on the northwest by Lake Champlain and
Lake George and on the northeast by the Pocomtuc Confederacy, Pennacook
Confederacy (also known as Merrimack or Pawtucket) and the Connecticut River
Valley, which was inhabited by the Sokoki of the Western Abenaki. The original
Mahican homeland was the Hudson River Valley from the Catskill Mountains north
to the southern end of Lake Champlain. Bounded by the Schoharie River in the
west, it extended east to the crest of the Berkshire Mountains in western
Massachusetts from northwest Connecticut north to the Green Mountains in
The Mahican chief Etow Oh Koam, referred
to as one of the Four Mohawk Kings in a
state visit to Queen Annein 1710.
By John Simon, c1750.
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